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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2743\margr3701\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2743\margrsxn3701\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li36\fi0\ri0\sb14\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 any schemes of conquest, as the kingdom had suffered \expndtw6 greatly both from economic and from political troubles \expndtw3 during the reigns of the later Karkotakas. Avantlvarman, \expndtw4 therefore, took vigorous steps to improve the ^adminis\-\expndtw14 tration, establish internal security, and rehabilitate \expndtw9 the state resources. The first thing that he did was to \expndtw6 curb effectively the power of the Pamaras, a turbulent \expndtw13 class of rural aristocrats. We may next mention the \expndtw11 vast engineering projects of his minister for public \expndtw3 works, Suyya, Avhose name is preserved in the modern \expndtw10 town of Sopur (Suyyapura). He constructed channels \expndtw5 for irrigation, and even changed the course of the river \expndtw8 Vitasta (Jhelum) to prevent floods, thus reclaiming \expndtw10 extensive marshy areas for cultivation. These bene\-\expndtw12 ficent activities increased the prosperity of the land, \expndtw2 so that a \i Khan \i0 of rice could be bought for 3 6 \i dtndras\sub t \i0\nosupersub whereas previously the price of the same was 200 \i\charscalex90\expndtw-2 dmaras.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi454\ri36\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Avantlvarman constructed and endowed temples, \expndtw3 and gave liberal sums in charity to Brahmans. He also \expndtw5 extended his patronage to literary men, amongst whom \expndtw13 the most prominent was Anandavardhana, author of \expndtw6 the \i Dhvanyaloka* \i0 The name of Avantivarman survives \expndtw11 in the present town of Vantpor or Avantipura,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb144\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex90\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Sankaravarman}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi464\ri79\sb122\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 After the death of Avantivarman in 883 A.D., the \expndtw3 kingdom was convulsed by a civil turmoil, which even\-\expndtw15 tually ended in favour of his son, Sankaravarman. \expndtw10 The latter reversed the peaceful policy of his father, \expndtw4 and plunged headlong in foreign wars. He invaded \expndtw3 Darvabhisara (the region between the Vitasta and the \expndtw10 Candrabhaga), made his influence felt in Trigarta \expndtw4 (Kangra), and defeated the Gurjara lord, Alakhaiia, who \expndtw1 was helped by Lalliya Sahi. Sankaravarman also seized \expndtw5 certain territories, conquered earlier by Mihira Bhoja, \expndtw10 trom Mahendrapala I Pratihara, and transferred them}\par }